According to Forbes.com: “Forbes is a global media company, focusing on business, investing, technology, entrepreneurship, leadership, and lifestyle.”
From IGN.com: “IGN is your site for [video] games with expert reviews, news, previews, trailers, cheat codes, wiki guides & walkthroughs.”
Daily Dot (00:00:41)
From DailyDot.com:“Latest news, opinion, and in-depth reporting from around the Internet. The Daily Dot is the hometown newspaper of the World Wide Web.”
Colbert Report (00:00:42)
The Colbert Report was the satirical, four times weekly television program hosted by Stephen Colbert, who played a character of the same name, who was a satire of conservative cable TV pundits. The show ran from 2005 until 2014. Stephen Colbert now hosts the out of character Late Show on CBS.
Via Unrealitymag.com: “Unreality Magazine is dedicated to giving you the most interesting stories when it comes to Television, Movies, and Gaming. Plus, we absolutely Pwn.”
Earthborn Trilogy (00:00:50)
Paul Tassi’s science fiction trilogy that tells the story of one final survivor of an alien decimation of Earth who teams up with an alien and another human companion. The story starts with the discovery of a working alien space ship, and an alien dissenter who desperately needs any extra hands, even human hands, to help him get off our doomed world.
The Butterfly Effect is the name given to the concept that huge effects can come about due to small changes in a system. The concept was featured in Jurassic Park when Ian Malcolm dripped water on Ellie Sattler’s hand, the point being that the water droplet wouldn’t travel the way that she predicted it would, due to small variations in her skin causing an unintuitive result. The idea is strongly connected with determinism and randomness.
True/Slant was a startup formed in 2009 from an investment by Forbes. It was a news site that created a large amount of original content. Our guest, Paul Tassi, wrote original news content about video games. The website was officially acquired by Forbes in 2010, shortly after starting up.
Economics is the study of, and science and theory about global and local markets, supply and demand, resource use and allocation, trade, and much more.
University of Michigan (00:03:31)
University of Michigan’s mission, according to umich.edu: “The mission of the University of Michigan is to serve the people of Michigan and the world through preeminence in creating, communicating, preserving and applying knowledge, art, and academic values, and in developing leaders and citizens who will challenge the present and enrich the future.”
University of Michigan is located in Ann Arbor, Michigan and was founded in 1817.
The Arrow-verse television shows include the live action superhero shows Arrow, The Flash, Supergirl, Constantine, DC’s Legends of Tomorrow, and the animated web series Vixen. These shows belong to one shared continuity.
Upcoming book by Paul Tassi, Hero Killer (00:08:39)
Hero Killer is the title of an upcoming book by this episodes guest, Paul Tassi. The book is a break from his current series, The Earthborn Trilogy, and is set in a future where televised gladiatorial fights are legal.
Creative writing (00:08:56)
As opposed to essay writing or technical writing where facts are expressed, creative writing allows an author to write in such a way to stretch their own imagination and the imagination of the reader. Creative writing is often fictional, but doesn’t have to be. For instance, memoirs can be creative writing.
Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing: Self Publishing (00:09:13)
Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing gives authors an easy and free way to publish their written materials. Guest Paul Tassi published his first book, The Last Exile through Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing, and went on to publish print versions of the book.
DIY stands for Do It Yourself. The term can refer to the literal act of doing something yourself, as opposed to purchasing a prepackaged solution or hiring a professional, however, the term has evolved to describe art and music as well, or even personalities and attitudes. For example, a band could be DIY if they burn their own CD’s and sell them at non-traditional venues, or an author could be DIY if they print zines and distribute them outside big-box book stores. A person can be described as DIY if they often take on DIY projects to the complete exclusion of consumer goods and services.
Same Day Launches - October 27th, 2017 (00:12:46)
Super Mario Odyssey
The continuation of the Super Mario series of games, this game combines nearly every game mechanic that has ever existed in this 3D platformer property to create one of the best reviewed games of 2017.
This narrative action adventure first person shooter takes place in a world in which the Axis won World War II. The original Wolfenstein 3D from 1992 was an early first person shooter, whose engine created a slew of early first person shooters, Doom among them.
The next installment in the popular AAA game series Assassin’s Creed. Assassin’s Creed follows fictional ancestors, as they are recalled by genetic memories of current day progeny. This game takes place in Egypt during the Ptolemaic reign, amongst widescale societal volatility.
2017’s follow up to to 2016’s surprise hit Netflix exclusive television program. The series takes place in the small town of Hawkins, Indiana in the year following the towns traumatic brush with the “Upside Down,” an alternate dimension layered on top of ours, and it’s monstrous inhabitant, the “Demigorgon,” as it’s known to the shows child protagonists. This series picks up right before Halloween and expands upon themes and monsters introduced in season 1.
Video games often have more going on than their main plot. Generally, they contain side missions, subplots, and bonus collectables. These usually add flavor to the text of the game, give the player bonuses or power ups, or are simple easter eggs. To “100%” a video game is to achieve all there is to achieve, including all side missions, subplots, collectables and easter eggs. In other words, once a player has 100%’ed a game, there is no longer any goals to achieve.
Open world game (00:14:42)
An open world game is one in which the player is free to move about the games map freely, and where missions take place in the accessible open world of the game. Generally, these games have plots which are advanced by accepting missions, transporting themselves to the play area, and completing the goals of the mission. Some open world games include most of Grand Theft Auto’s catalogue, Metal Gear Solid V, and The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild. Open world games thrive on their freedom and scale.
Side Mission (00:14:44)
Side missions are optional quests in video games. These missions often do not affect the plot, but are beneficial to the player, providing additional context to the plot, or giving the character power ups, or special, more powerful weapons. Side missions are very popular in open world video games. The Legend of Zelda contains famous trading missions, where Link trades one seemingly useless item for another until he trades for a powerful sword.
Video Game Consoles Mentioned
Sega Genesis (00:17:29)
Sega’s answer to Nintendo’s colossal hardware release, the Genesis never sold quite as well nor had the same support as Nintendo Entertainment System or the Super Nintendo, however, it maintains a strong nostalgic spot in fans memories with such games as Sonic the Hedgehog and Ecco the Dolphin.
Nintendo 64 (00:18:29)
Nintendo’s first 64-bit home console and follow up to their popular Super Nintendo Entertainment System, the Nintendo 64 launched in 1996 and hosted some of the most popular and well loved first party games of all time, including Super Mario 64 and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, which pushed video gaming technology to new heights with 3D polygon based worlds.
PlayStation 2 (00:19:02)
Sony’s second console release. This system is a true video game icon as the number one selling console of all time, with a retail availability spanning from 2000 to 2013, even with successive generations of consoles being released. The system used the DVD format for games, but also played DVD movies and cost the same amount as an entry level DVD player at the time of its release, which was immensely important to the success of DVD as a video format. The PlayStation 2 competed with the Sega Dreamcast, the Microsoft Xbox, and the Nintendo Gamecube.
Microsoft’s first home video game console. The system was a success despite being constantly outsold by Sony’s PlayStation 2. The Xbox is well known for its massively popular Halo series of first person shooters, as well as for providing the top tier of online gaming in the early days of console based online gaming. The system itself was the butt of many jokes about how big it and it’s controller were, but ultimately was a successful and well loved initial entry for the software giant.
Action Figures (00:17:38)
Action figures are miniature, collectable figurines, which are often based on geeky properties like movies or comic books. They usually have articulated joints which can be posed, and sometimes include simple mechanized actions with the press of a button. These figures are often marketed towards male collectors, however children have been known to play with them as well.
The X-Men are a fictional team of superheroes, all of whom gained their powers from genetic mutations. These mutants are the creation of Stan Lee and Jack Kirby and debuted in 1963. Among the X-Men, the most recognizable would be Storm, Cyclops, and Wolverine.
Kumon Math (00:18:15)
Kumon is an after school program for children to increase their mathematics and reading skills. It was created in 1954 Toru Kumon, after noticing that his own child, Takeshi, wasn’t picking up on mathematics in his classes. Toru developed a method to help Takeshi, and it went on to be known as the Kumon method.
Super Mario 64 is a video game released to the Nintendo 64 console. The game, released in 1996, brings the popular Super Mario series into a third dimension of space and follows the plumber, Mario, as he makes his way through a series of surreal worlds hidden inside paintings inside Princess Peach’s castle.
Super Smash Brothers (00:18:35)
Super Smash Brothers is a king of the hill style fighting game originally released on the Nintendo 64 game console where Nintendo characters battle it out on floating platforms. This is the original game in the franchise, one that has been released on four additional Nintendo consoles. Each combatant has a percent number which increases as they accrue damage. The higher the percentage, the farther they fly when hit, and the easier it is to knock them off the stage. In core play, once knocked off, they lose “Stock” until they have 0 and are eliminated.
Mario Kart (00:18:35)
Mario Kart is one of the most popular releases on any Nintendo console. This racing game includes Nintendo characters racing on brightly colored courses in go-karts. Mario Kart 64 was the first true 3D Mario Kart game.
GoldenEye 007 (00:18:37)
This first person shooter was released in 1997 and brought dual stick first person shooter action to the Nintendo 64. The game is well known for its popular split screen multiplayer in which players shared quadrants of one TV in order to make their way around a map and shoot each other, deathmatch style. The game is based on the James Bond film of the same name. Too violent for young Paul Tassi to be allowed to play.
The GameBoy was Nintendo’s mega-popular portable system. The console, which wasn’t as powerful as other game consoles, like the Sega Game Gear, nevertheless outsold any other handheld competitor that entered the market. The product line only included monochrome screens until 1998’s GameBoy Color, and didn’t advanced it’s 8-bit processor until 2001’s 32-bit GameBoy Advance. The system was so popular that it’s name is now arguably a generic trademark, with people referring to all manor of handheld consoles as a “GameBoy.” I’ve been known to call my Nintendo Switch and 3DS a “GameBoy.”
Pokémon is the over 20 year old franchise with many handheld RPG entries. The games revolve around the themes of leaving home for adventure, and capturing and collecting creatures to aid the character in combat. The original Pokémon game was released in 2 versions, Red and Blue, with exclusive Pokémon in each version, where trading between the versions via the GameBoy’s Game Link Cable was encouraged.
YouTube and Twitch (00:26:31)
YouTube and Twitch streaming video services on the internet. YouTube hosts all sort of published videos, from produced web series to tutorials to video memes. Twitch, on the other hand, is a streaming video service where users stream themselves doing an activity live. Most users stream video games, however that’s not the only thing that it’s used for, especially with Twitch Creative.
Player Unknown’s Battleground, or PUBg for short, is a mod of the military shooter Arma, and is a survival third person shooter that takes place on an island. The game has been in Beta for most of it’s development, but has gained quite a following despite it being in progress, especially on streaming services. The game airdrops 99 combatants onto a giant island without any equipment or weapons, and players must be the last one standing. The game has been compared to Battle Royale, the Japanese movie and manga series, but in video game form.
Medill School of Journalism - Northwestern University (00:28:19)
Via medill.northwestern.edu/journalism/index.html “...At Northwestern, we combine the rigors of a top-15 research university with enduring journalism skills and values and technology expertise essential for you to thrive in today’s media landscape. Our undergraduate, graduate and high school programs will inspire, empower and prepare you for this fast-changing industry.”
Paul’s Favorite Things To Cover
The Walking Dead, Fear The Walking Dead (00:31:46)
The AMC television series and its spinoff which follows survivors of a zombie apocalypse. Based off the graphic novel, The Walking Dead.
A fan theory is an alternative or speculative fiction completely developed by fans. Fan theories always deal with an as of yet unexplored part of a fictional universe, whether it is something in current continuity that the author hasn’t explored, often times addressing plot holes, or speculating on the future of a fiction. Two examples of those respective types of fan theories in Game of Thrones would be the “Varys the mermaid” theory, and speculation of Jon Snow’s family background.
Destiny, Destiny 2 (00:32:21)
Destiny and its sequel Destiny 2 are first person shooter video games for the Xbox One, Playstation 4, and PC. These games combine fantasy and RPG elements into this sci-fi shooter, developed by Halo developer Bungee, into an online, shared environment, multiplayer experience.
An Online Troll is a person who posts intentionally provocative content online, whether in forum posts or comment sections, with the intention of griefing, annoying, or generally, causing an emotional response. Hate tweets are often posted by Online Trolls, and are public tweets directed at a specific person in order to communicate their dislike of said person. The troll can tag a person so that they are notified that someone doesn’t care for them, or they can “subtweet,” or post about someone vaguely or simply without tagging them. Online trolls and hate tweets both rely on the anonymity of the internet to hide from the consequences of their behavior.
“Video games aren’t just for teenage boys anymore. The average gamer is 30 years old, and 45% of gamers are women—a far cry from the pubescent-boy stereotype the industry has traditionally been saddled with.
This confederation of fans has propelled the video game industry to $70 billion in revenue in 2013, dwarfing Hollywood in the process. But this success has come with growing pains. Gaming’s swelling fanbase has become increasingly vocal in expressing its approval of and outrage at game developers’ decision-making processes at a time when social media has broken down the walls between creators and consumers. Paul Tassi looks at fanboy culture from its most toxic corners to its most celebrated collaborations to see how these fans become so emotionally invested in the development of video games, how this fervor affects the companies profiting from this fan connection and what it bodes for the future of gaming industry.”
The derogatory term for headlines and articles which use language intended to provoke a reader to click on it. Buzzfeed and Cracked are strongly associated with the spread of this genre of article headline, but Clickbait headlines are nearly ubiquitous on the internet now, and probably have more to do with search engine algorithms than one or two websites using the convention. An example would be “The Real Reason You Can’t Stop Watching Game of Thrones.” Paul Tassi points out, though, that the word has been used so much as to remove any meaning from it; he said on the podcast, “Clickbait is just anything people disagree with … if your headline is phrased in a way that has some semblance of an opinion in it people think it's clickbait.”
Gamergate is the name for the scandal dealing with rampant sexism in both the video game, and video game journalism industries. The controversy played out mainly online, using the hashtag #gamergate, and is famous for being a flashpoint for online trolls to harass people, mostly women in the video game industry, anonymously. The scandal is far from over, and it’s often noted that Gamergate felt like a coming out party for the alt right trolls who were widely discussed during the 2016 election.
A tactic employed by online trolls to harass, shame, troll, or otherwise bully a person online. The practice involves hunting for and publishing private information such as addresses, phone numbers, screen names, banking information, workplaces, etc, often with the intention to use that information for 24 hour harassment.
Crash Override offers an up-close look inside the controversy, threats, and social and cultural battles that started in the far corners of the internet and have since permeated our online lives. Through her story--as target and as activist--Quinn provides a human look at the ways the internet impacts our lives and culture, along with practical advice for keeping yourself and others safe online.
The graphic editing program from Adobe. Photoshop is a powerful tool that allows a photo to be cropped, cut up and layered together, and adjusted for color. Photoshop has become a generic trademark for photo manipulation due to its ubiquity in being used for photo manipulation.
Hand-Eye Coordination (00:38:35)
The ability for a person to coordinate the motion of their hands with what they’re seeing with their eyes. Hand-Eye Coordination allows a person’s hands to be in the correct spot in physical space, based on information obtained through the eyeballs. Things that require hand-eye coordination: catching a baseball. Doing karate. Playing video games.
Middle-Earth: Shadow of War (00:39:46)
The video game released in 2017 by producer Monolith Productions. The game is the sequel to Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor and takes place in J.R.R. Tolkein's fictional world of Middle Earth, the world in which The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy is set.
Spike Video Game Awards was an annual video game award show to recognize excellence in video gaming. The awards show was produced from 2003 to 2013.
Nathan Fillion (00:41:05)
Nathan Fillion is the Canadian actor who became a geek icon after portraying Malcolm Reynolds in the science fiction series by Joss Whedon, as well as portraying Richard Castle in the television procedural Castle.
Reposted from the show notes from episode 22 with Emily Graslie:
The 2004 Science Fiction series is a 4 season show that originally aired on the Sci-Fi network and was based on the 1978 series of the same name. The show follows the last survivors of a nuclear destruction on Caprica by the human-created race of Androids known as Cylons. These last humans alive now have to jump across the galaxy in the starship Battlestar Galactica in search of the mythical planet Earth, avoiding Cylon attacks. The series focuses on political strife, the nature human identity, and existential crises due to being the only humans alive. To top it all off… Some survivors may be Cylons in disguise!
A worldbuilding document is a piece of work used to help flesh out a fictional world, often completed before work is started on the fictional narrative. This could be anything from the type of creatures in the world, family trees of the main characters, world maps, et cetera.
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